AVN’s activities in Senegal focus mainly on public and community
commissions through the construction of the NV Fouta project in northern
Senegal, carried out with the NGO Le Partenariat, AVN’s partner since 2014.
This strategic choice has been considerably bolstered by the growing interest of Senegalese institutional actors to opt for the NV technique for their community construction needs, thus providing the NV market with added visibility (model buildings) and recognition (political integration).
Through the NV Fouta project, the training of local workers is increasing, and the interest of technical actors in being trained to work on NV projects bodes well for a proliferation of projects in the coming seasons.
- Population in 2020: 16,7 million (52% rural)
- GDP per capita: $1471 (World Bank 2020)
- Climate: Sahelian
- 2007-2010: 1st buildings in the Matam region
- 2011: Opening of northern regions with the NGO Le Partenariat
- 2013: 1st local AVN team and opening of the Thiès region
- 2014: Preparation of a multi-year project led by the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and focus on kickstarting
the public and community markets
- 2015: Collaborative partnerships with CSOs and refugee rehousing
project in Mauritania, at the Senegalese border
- 2017: Start of the NV Fouta Project
- 2022: Start of the FICOL Project
In Senegal, no kickstarting activities for the private market were held under the NV Fouta project, which put most of its resources toward developing the public and community markets in the Fouta zone, in conjunction with the NGO Le Partenariat.
To date, the Senegalese VN built stock represents approximately 113 projects carried out for an area of approximately 9,500 m2, for the benefit of more than 4,400 people.
- 4 worksites completed representing a built area of 436 m2
- 3 community buildings including 1 for production/livestock
- 1 locality with at least 1 NV building (77 since the start of the programme)
- 25% of sites found independently by NV masons (without AVN’s intervention)
- 31 new user-beneficiaries
Update August 2021
NV Fouta project
Since 2017, with funding from the French Conseil Départemental des Yvelines, AVN and the NGO Le Partenariat (LP) have put in place a programme to promote the NV technique, mainly in the departments of Podor, Matam and Kanel in the Fouta region of northern Senegal.
The project is being implemented by a joint LP/AVN team composed of three salaried staff (project manager, assistant project manager, and a trainer/technician) with the support of a technical consultant and an LP/AVN coordination committee. LP brings its experience of project management, contracting, and institutional procedures, and AVN its technical experience in NV construction and its training and support methodologies for actors of the NV sector.
- Download the "NV Fouta project"leaflet (french)
- Download the document "Typologie de bâtiments en Voûte Nubienne au Sénégal"(french)
Season 1 Review (2017-18)
- Download the document: Présentation des bâtiments en Voûte Nubienne réalisés au cours de la saison 2017 2018
- Mboloyel health case
This project of the local Kawral Mboloyel Association with an area of 83.5 m2 was carried out in the commune of Bokidiawé by the Entreprise Habitat Moderne (execution), with the follow-up of the Departmental Council of Matam (monitoring and control) between December 2017 and March 2018. 9 trainees including 7 Senegalese have benefited from the Full Building Site Training (FBST).
- Polel Diaobé Maternity
This project of the Polel Diaobé Health Committee, with an area of 90 m2 was carried out by the Borom Darou Company (execution), with the follow-up of the Kanel Departmental Council (monitoring and control) between February and July 2018. 7 trainees, including 6 Senegalese, benefited from the Full Building Site Training (FBST).
- Mboloyel Staff housing
This project of the local Kawral Mboloyel Association with a surface area of 49 m2 was carried out near the Mboloyel health hut (see above) by the Entreprise Habitat Moderne (execution), with the follow-up of the Departmental Council of Matam (monitoring and control) between April and July 2018. 9 trainees including 7 Senegalese have benefited from the Full Building Site Training (FBST).
- Department of Matam’s administrative offices (phase 1)
The first phase of the construction of the Departmental Hotel of Matam (391 m2) began in January 2018. The work is being carried out by Entreprises Habitat Moderne and RichMan (execution) with the monitoring of the Departmental Council of Matam (monitoring and control) and the support of architect Mathieu Hardy / Al Mizan (design). 28 trainees including 11 Senegalese benefited from the Full Building Site Training (FBST) and 4 bricklayers in specific module.
- Technical on-site training
Trainees received Full Building Site Training (FBST) on each worksite from a trainer mason and with logistic support from the NV Fouta project team. The pedagogical approach taken consisted in having the trainees work in specific positions chosen based on their needs (identified ahead of time by the
trainer mason), with their progress monitored via a personalized assessment of their skills. During this process, the on-site work is generally extended by 15%, with the extra time dedicated to training.
In addition, at one worksite four brickmakers benefitted from the Technical Module on Specific Stages (TMSS) training.
- Academic training
To supplement the technical on-site training, three academic modules were offered, including two technical ones – How to read the NV Mason’s Manual and How to read it in depth – and one business one on drafting cost estimates.
- Entrepreneurial support
As part of the project to build the Department of Matam’s administrative offices – the first NV project subject to the Senegalese public procurement code – the NV Fouta team and architect Mathieu Hardy (Al Mizan) offered workshops to help establish a necessary tool to drawing up the technical and financial proposal required by this procedure. These workshops concerned in particular how to read and draft complex plans as well as the mathematical essentials.
The Matam Departmental Council also received support in drafting the call for tenders for the project.
- Technical assistance
The NV Fouta team supported a technician from the Department of Matam in terms of monitoring and checking on the various worksites (identification of points of particular caution, theoretical reminders of the stages of construction,
- Awareness raising
In addition to its support and training activities, the NV Fouta team also increased its awareness-raising activities vis-àvis clients, on the one hand, encouraging them to guide their investments to adapted NV buildings, and sector actors, on the other hand, encouraging them to offer this technique.
Season 2 Review (2018-19)
This season, 9 worksites were constructed, including 5 under the NV Fouta project. 3 private homes (including one urban NV of 151 m2) and a henhouse (a Malem Auder project) were also built.
- Department of Matam’s administrative offices (phase 2)
> Surface: 393 m2
> Location: Matam, Department of Matam
> Client: Depatmental Council of Matam
> Project Manager: Habitat Moderne (execution), Depatmental Council of Matam (monitoring and control)
> Project completed between January 2018 and July 2019
- Library of ancient manuscripts
> Surface: 151 m2
> Location: Guangel, Department of Kanel
> Client: Departmental Council of Kanel
> Project completed between February and June 2019
- Agricultural warehouse
> Surface: 74 m2
> Location: Doumga, Department of Matam
> Client: Municipality of Bokkidiawé (assisted by the NGO ADOS)
> Project completed between May and July 2019
- Multiservice Centre
> Surface: 94 m2
> Location: Agnam Lidoubé, Department of Matam
> Client: Association for the Socio-Cultural Development of Agnam Lidoubé (ADSCAL)
> Project completed between April and June 2019
- Covered market stalls
> Surface: 36 m2
> Location: Polel Diaoubé, Department of Kanel
> Client: Polel Development Association
> Project completed between December 2018 and January 2019
Training of the workforce
In 2019-20, 25 apprentices, masons, artisans and entrepreneurs including 1 Trainer Mason are active in the Senegalese NV market.
- 25 active apprentices, masons, artisans and entrepreneurs (-29 %)
Update August 2021
Notable projects and activities
Here is a selection of remarkable projects and activities implemented in Senegal in recent seasons:
Enda Pronat, a Senegalese NGO concerned with promotion of ecologically sound agriculture, has been a partner of AVN since 2016 for the construction of NV storage barns and henhouses.
The aim of the project is to train local masons in the NV concept and to create a market for the construction of NV barns and henhouses, thus directly benefitting the producers.
The "Green Village" project
Implemented by the Senegalese-Belgian association Malem Auder, this pilot project aims to convince the farmers of the same village to build their own NV houses through community self-help. The population agrees to supply the construction materials and unskilled labour and AVN would cover the cost of transport and the masons (from Burkina Faso) during the construction period.
The construction of these buildings will accelerate the training of local apprentices in a new zone and the development of a NV market. Construction of a series of demonstration buildings (houses) in the same village is also a way of raising awareness amongst the population of the zone and and local actors (institutional, traditional, associations etc.)
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