AVN started work in Senegal in 2007, with the Communauté de communes du Val de Drôme (CCVD), who asked AVN to provide a team of masons to build a major project, La Maison des Energies technical training centre, in Sinthiou Bamanbé (near Matam, NE Senegal). The buildings (~ 800 M2) were constructed over three consecutive seasons by NV masons, and several local apprentices were trained.
Since 2010, the main AVN Program in Senegal is centred on Podor in the region of Saint Louis, as the result of a partnership with the Franco-Senegalese NGO le Partenariat, and with support from La Fondation d'Entreprise Eiffage. In addition, a group of Senegalese and Burkinabé NV masons, headed by Eugène Sanon, laid the basis for an emerging market in NV housing in Thies.
Following these early initiatives, AVN set up a permanent office in Thies in May 2014.
The AVN office in the sentre of Thies - the first to be built in an urban milieu.
Contact AVN-Senegal in Thies
Impacts since 2007
Since the start of the program in Senegal in 2007:
- 808 linear metres of vaults (if laid end-to-end) have been built for 24 clients in 17 localities
- by 8 NV masons, artisans, and entrepreneurs
- for an annual growth rate of 40 %
In 2012, ~ 200 linear metres of vaults were built for 9 clients; 22% of the market in NV housing was autonomous (direct contact client <> NV mason/entrepreneur).
A key challenge for the 2012-13 season is to increase the recruitement and training of Senegalese apprentices - so far, most of the consrtruction work has been carried out by NV masons from Burkina Faso and Mali.
Map of AVN Deployment in Sénégal
In blue : the Podor regional program
In brown : 2 local, artisanal, programs based on Thiès & Matam
Analysis by sector in Sénégal
Sector 1: Rural & semi-rural housing
The families in this sector represent AVN's key target group; however a much higher proportion of Senegalese live in urban and peri-urban areas than in Burkina Faso or Mali, so AVN needs to modify its strategy accordingly.
The only formal AVN program in this sector at the moment is the one with Le Partenariat around Podor, and this has only just been launched.
Haidar El Ali and his organisation l'Océanium, opened a franchise program with AVN in 2010/11 near Kolda.
NV site at Kolda, Haute Casamance (l'Océanium)
Sector 2: Urban Housing
This could become an important sector for AVN in Senegal. A start has been made in the town of Thies, where there are abundant supplies of suitable earth for adobe construction.
Construction of a two-storey NV building in Thiès
The independent market
There seems to be an important potential for an independent market in NV construction in Senegal, as demonstrated by the work that has started in Thies.
Mozdahir International NV site, Tambacounda (Makane)
Sector 4: Programs in new countries
As AVN does not yet have a permanent team in Senegal, it is not possible to support projects in other countries from here. However, recent interest from Mauritania in the NV concept could lead to more Mauritanian apprentices being trained on NV sites in Senegal.
Sector 5: Research & Development
Work is underway on tests of different additives in earth mortar coatings for roofs and walls, as well as a search for alternatives to the use of rocks for foundations in regions of Senegal where no natural sources of rocks exist.
AVN has produced in 2011 a series of NV house and building plans adapted to the Senegalese context, based on the modularity of the NV concept; an example can be dowloaded below:
Representatives of official government bodies have shown a strong interest in AVN's work.
Photos from Senegal